You have probably heard the terms “extrovert” and “introvert.” According to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, the difference between extraversion (yes, the word is spelled this way in the MBTI) and introversion is the attitude people use to direct their energy. All of us have traits of each, but tend to rely on one more heavily than the other.
Extraverts draw their energy from the external world. You know the type: outgoing, life-of-the-party, gregarious, can carry on conversations with anyone about a multitude of topics. The process of interacting with others and engaging with the world energizes the extrovert.
As you’d expect, Extraverts prefer active learning and engaging with others:
- Study in groups where you can bounce ideas off of others
- Choose learning partners who are motivated to stay on task
- Employ active listening and reading practices
Introverts, on the other hand, draw their energy from their internal worlds of ideas, picture, and memories. This doesn’t mean Introverts are shy. Often described as reflective, Introverts typically need some time to process their external world before they act. Too much activity and interaction can drain an introvert’s energy: they need some quiet time to reflect in order to recharge.
Academically, Introverts prefer time to reflect and form a response:
- Study in a quiet space, free from distractions
- Take time to process new information
- Tackle one topic at a time
The Extravert/Introvert axis is just one of the 4 dichotomies explored by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Each one gives us valuable information about how a student might best study, learn, and succeed in educational settings. Combine all 4 in one personality type, and you’ll have a powerful road map to academic success!
(And if you or your teen want to master a ton of essential vocabulary words while learning about Myers-Briggs personality types, you definitely want the Roots2Words: Personalities and Perspective Words program.)